The incidents of Friday 9th September 2011 in Bo did not just happen. It was a
combination of factors before, and during the ‘Thank You Tour’ of Brigadier (Rtd.)
Julius Maada Bio which sadly led to the death of one person.
a. The Build Up – “Fire for Fire”
On Thursday 8th September 2011 at the District Security Committee (DISEC)
meeting in Bo, the Deputy Mayor was captured in the minutes of the meeting
The Deputy Mayor informed the Committee of the visit of the SLPP Flag Bearer Rtd.
Brig. Julius Maada Bio on 9th September, 2011 and in addition, he revealed that
they have been reliably informed that the Minister of Internal Affairs – Hon.
Musa Tarawally will be in Bo on Thursday, 8th September, 2011. He went further
to express that the minister’s presence at the time of the flag bearer’s visit
may have the tendency to repeat the KONO crisis. The presence of the MIA he said
was a security threat and that the SLP strength on the ground was not enough to
neutralise it. He intoned that they will take nothing for granted and any
resistance will be met with equal resistance (in his words, “fire for fire”).
This information was said to have come in timely and must be treated with utmost
(DISEC minutes of meeting 8th September, 2011 on page 4 of 5)
Confronted as to why he made such a statement, Deputy Mayor Joe Pyne said that
at a meeting in State House on Tuesday 6th September 2011 where the ceremony for
the signing of performance contracts took place, the Minister of Internal
Affairs (MIA) Musa Tarawally told him that he would be in Bo on Thursday 8th
Furthermore, Pyne said he had overheard Member of Parliament and head of “De Pa
E Yai” Hon. Legacy Sankoh insinuating over Kiss 104 radio that “if it were in Bo
the incident that
happened in Kono (where the Minister of Internal Affairs was allegedly attacked
by irate youths and shots were fired) would not have happened.”
As a result Pyne said knowing the MIA and his association with violence and
further recalling the incidents in Kono he had a premonition of danger. This is
why he said he made the
statement so that proactive measures would be put in place.
Questioned what the Police officer representing the SLP in the meeting did after
the “threat” information was relayed, Deputy Mayor Pyne said the ASP Crime John
Sesay assured the
meeting that all modalities have been put in place and everything was under
When questioned about his statements over radio alluded to by Deputy Mayor Pyne,
Hon. Legacy Sankoh stated that he was replying to a previous statement made over
the radio by the Resident Minister Moijueh Kaikai and had nothing to do with the
visit of the SLPP flag bearer to Bo.
b. MIA’s Presence
The Minister of Internal Affairs (MIA) Musa Tarawally is not trusted by members
of the SLPP. Several of them who spoke to the investigating panel expressed
fears that the MIA was capable of perpetrating violence. Therefore it became
clear that the mere information of the MIA visiting Bo during the period when
the SLPP Flag bearer was on a ‘Thank You Tour’, served to increase the political
Only one witness confirmed on record that he positively saw the MIA in Bo on
Friday 9th September 2011. Other possible witnesses were too scared to go on
record about the MIA’s
presence and his alleged activities.
When confronted the MIA denied having spoken to Deputy Mayor Joe Pyne of Bo City
Council and that he was never in Bo on Thursday 8th September 2011. The MIA
recalled that he was last in Bo on the 20th August 2011.
The MIA confirmed that he personally knew Mohamed Conteh alias Bomb-blast,
Mohamed Koroma alias Rati, and explained that they were in the APC office before
he (MIA) became an APC member and Resident Minister South.
The MIA stated that he had an early warning signal that there were plans to set
These issues need to be further investigated.
c. The Boys
Stationed as caretakers in the APC office 82 Mahie Boima Road were a group of
boys among who were Mohamed Conteh alias Bomb-blast, Mohamed Koroma alias Rati,
Ibrahim Conteh alias Shakur and Abdulai Tarawally.
On Wednesday 7th September 2011 they ordered their wives to collect stones, as
one of the wives allegedly said in Krio: “da useless man dey cam” – meaning: the
useless man is coming. Bomb-blast was seen carrying a catapult which was
described as yellow in colour (of the wooden handle) and red at the back. They
were reportedly very hyper; smoking cannabis sativa and had dressed up with
knives hanging from the sides of their trousers and a pistol was seen in the
hands of one of them, who quickly hid it.
On Thursday 8th September 2011 they held a meeting in the afternoon, inside the
APC office where it appeared to the witness that something was in the air.
On the morning of Friday 9th September 2011 two women wearing green were
subsequently molested by these boys when passing in front of the APC office. In
the afternoon when the procession was passing they came out into the streets and
were seen standing on the junction with their red attires, and at some point
wrestling with the Police.
The APC Regional Chairlady South Zainab Mansaray was in the premises of the APC
Office among the youths and cooking for them.
d. Media build up
During a discussion program on Radio Kiss 104 on September 8th 2011 threats to
disrupt the visit were voiced. It was alleged that some people wanted to wear
Maada Bio T-Shirts and cause trouble. Others were warned against holding
contrary banners calling for a running mate and others still were said to be
calling SLPP stalwarts using unregistered sim cards and abusing them. Also the
route was clearly read out along with the program of events.
e. SLPP/SLP build up
On the 29th August 2011 the SLPP District Secretary Mohamed Allie wrote to both
the Paramount Chief Prince Lappia Boima IV of Kakua Chiefdom and Local Unit
Theophilus Senesie informing them that their Presidential flag bearer would be
making a maiden visit to say thanks to his party supporters.
The letter was asking for permission to process, and police coverage. The SLPP
also wanted to pour libation at their party office, hold a public meeting at
Coronation field, and radio
discussion. The request was later accompanied by a mapped out procession route
on the morning of the procession.
On the 1st September 2011 Paramount Chief Prince Lappia Boima IV responded to
the request by granting clearance, and a copy was sent to the LUC. The LUC
Theophilus Senesie in turn wrote acknowledging receipt of the SLPP application,
and granting security clearance whilst warning them of the 1965 Public Order
While all this was going on the LUC also wrote another letter to the Regional
Commander of Police South, Assistant Inspector General of Police David Sesay
asking for two weeks leave to attend to Urgent Personal Affairs (UPA) covering
the period 4th to 17th September 2011.
On Sunday 4th September 5 days before the planned visit for Brig. Rtd. Maada
Bio, the LUC, his Support Officer and Operations Officer all left Bo to attend a
seminar at the Police training School. These are the three officers who should
sit down and plan police presence for such a visit. So the LUC appointed the
Crime Officer ASP John Sesay to act on his behalf. ASP John Sesay says he was
asked to do only administrative work of the LUC. He told the panel that he
called the LUC to ask about plans for the Maada Bio visit and was told
everything was in place. When the LUC was confronted with this allegation he
APC District Chairman Sheik Sillah told the panel that he had informed the AIG
South that he had heard threatening remarks that on the 9th September 2011 that
the offices of APC, De Pa E Yai and his house will be burnt down and himself
killed. When the AIG was asked he intimated that Sheik Sillah only told him
about an influx of people into Bo City and not about threats to burn down
On Friday September 9th 2011 the morning of the visit the Assistant Inspector
General (AIG) of Police South David Sesay says he called the OSD Commander and
the SLPP representatives to a meeting in his office where they planned and
agreed on the security detail for the convoy. AIG David Sesay says they agreed
that 10 unarmed general duty police officers would be close to Bio’s vehicle and
one van load of OSD will be in front as the lead vehicle while another van load
with 25 OSD will be at the back. Asked whether they agreed on the route he said
no. However SLPP District Secretary Mohamed Allie who was accompanied by SLPP
Member of Parliament Constituency 68 Rado Yokie claimed they discussed the route
and it was approved.
AIG South claimed he monitored the progress of the convoy from Mile 91 on to
Kebbie town in Bo.
f. Tour Party arrives in Bo
Video footage showed Maada Bio in Mile 91 where he was closely guarded by armed
OSD personnel during his entire sojourn in the area. His visits to Moyamba
junction and Taiama
were equally without incident. The tour party arrived in Bo and was met with a
large crowd at Kebbie town near Bo City. According to the estimates of the AIG,
it was around 10 to 15 thousand people. Jacob Saffa who was in the vehicle with
Maada Bio put the crowd at between 100 to 150 thousand people.
g. The Stoning
After passing the People’s Movement for Democratic Change (PMDC) office along
Mahei Boima Road, youths dressed in red on the right side of the road nearby the
APC office struggled with the Police who were bent on keeping them away from the
street where the procession was going on. The first stones reportedly came from
within the group of APC youths standing by the street. And suddenly stones
started raining from the angle of the APC office and within the SLPP crowd.
Witnesses say that Mohamed Conteh alias Bomb-blast used a catapult to launch the
stone at the convoy. Other witnesses say the first stone came from within the
APC group and
subsequent stones aimed at the convoy.
The Police were now caught in the middle at first trying to prevent the APC
group from getting into the street and when the retaliatory stoning was coming
from the SLPP crowd the police then switched to trying to stop the SLPP crowd
from going after the APC boys. Caught in the middle the SLPP crowd then turned
on the police who then seeing they were outnumbered quickly disappeared.
The general duty police alongside Bio’s vehicle also disappeared.
h. Bio’s wound
When the stones started raining Maada Bio who was standing through the sun roof
of the Range Rover AFR-595 allegedly quickly tried to sit down to avoid the
stones. According to him upon trying to duck inside the sun roof, he felt an
object hit his head and when he put his hand on the spot, there was blood
Jacob Jusu Saffa who was riding in the car with him said that when he saw the
first few stones he told Maada Bio to sit down and that whilst he was trying to
sit down that the stone hit him.
Video clips show blood oozing from the wound on his head and Bio holding a white
blood soaked towel to his head.
Jacob Jusu Saffa says they then rushed to Dr Yillah’s hospital for treatment. Dr
Yillah says he treated Bio for a star shaped wound on his head and three
interrupted stitches were
administered with two stitches on either side of the star. Video clips showed
Bio on the operating table in the hospital while treatment was being
administered. Bio was ordered to rest for two hours.
Jacob Jusu Saffa says they heard about the shooting in town and decided that Bio
should go and make an appeal for calm at the Coronation grounds where he had
earlier been scheduled to address supporters. Bio then went to the coronation
grounds addressed the crowd and retired to J&E guest house along New Koribondo
Bio complained that during all this period the police were nowhere to be seen.
As the stone throwing SLPP youths outnumbered the police at the APC office the
police disappeared on to the main Mahei Boima road. Soon after witnesses say
they saw Alias
Bawwao, Alhaji (Alias Tapet), Hon. Foday Rado Yokie, Kenneth Coker, Keifa
Avayama, Kanneh (UCC Teacher), Daniel Amara (Mines Bo), Mustapha Massaquoi,
Patrick Zombo and others, pour petrol and set the APC office buildings (3) on
Witnesses say this same group most of whom were dressed in green, then moved to
Sheik Sillah’s (APC District Chairman) house and set it on fire. The group again
allegedly moved to the office of “De Pa E Yai” and also set it on fire.
SLPP stalwarts were seen in possession of fuel which they used to burn the
j. Shooting, Wounding and Death
In a bid to control the crowd and restore law and order OSD personnel fired tear
gas and live bullets in the air. This did not stop the irate youths from stoning
them. OSD officers then fired straight at civilians some of whom were sending
stones at them. 23 people were initially treated at the Bo Government Hospital
including 2 police officers but only 9 were for bullet wounds.
Witnesses say that the motor bike rider pleaded not to be shot before he was
shot and killed by an OSD officer who was widely known as ‘White boy’ (Steven
In the evening at J&E guest house Bio says his team had to call on the UN for
security because the SLP were nowhere to be seen. He alleged that some people
had rumoured that he will be attacked again in the night. UN during their night
patrols in the region visited Bio and observed there were gaps in his security
so the Maada Bio team and the AIG discussed in the presence of the UN and 10 OSD
personnel were provided as guards for the night.
Without any incident in the night, Bio left the following day 10th September
2011 for Kenema. They apparently cut short their tour and returned to Bo where
he made a statement before leaving for Freetown on Sunday 11th September 2011.